This ancient training system has played a key role in the local agricultural development, characterised by a dry climate and poor soils (as in the case of those we find in the area Brindisi and down towards Santa Maria di Leuca) allowing growers to obtain small yields of high quality grapes despite the lack of water. The bush vine enabled the cultivation of the region’s noblest red-skinned grapes such as Primitivo, Negroamaro and Susumaniello. Balancing the interaction between dry soils and a harsh climate, this system allows for optimal arrangement of the grape clusters on the plant, good sun exposure and protection from excess heat. At night-time, the closeness to the ground of the fruit-bearing stems keeps the grapes warm as they ripen. This is an ancient viticultural practice, and yet so modern, preserved by Tenute Rubino with pride and dedication.
Tenute Rubino has always adhered to a philosophy of recovery, protection and enhancement of Puglia’s wine heritage. The company’s focus on the Apulian bush vine embodies a capital of agricultural know-how and cultural heritage that deserves to be preserved. It is from traditions such as these that the identity of an entire farming community lives on, but also the secret recipe behind a wine of inimitable quality. In the vineyards of Tenute Rubino, the ancient art of bush-vine training comes to life just as it did thousands of years ago.
The company’s total area under alberello vine is divided among the family’s estates and comes up to about 90 hectares in total, all dedicated to the farming of native varieties such as Negroamaro, Primitivo and Susumaniello. The oldest plantings date back to the decades between 1914 and 1984: a real window onto the age-old traditions of Mediterranean agriculture. The vines grow to be no higher than one meter, standing one and a half meters apart and first established in pots – a farming practice which, thanks to its complexity and the typical hot-arid climate of the Mediterranean basin, is able to give life to grapes of high quality and wines of unparalleled structure.